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Biography of Prophet Hazrat muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

Hazrat Muhammad, also known as Prophet Muhammad or Muhammad ibn Abd Allah, was born in the city of Mecca in present-day Saudi Arabia around the year 570 CE (the exact date is debated). He is the central figure of Islam and is considered the last prophet by Muslims. His life and teachings are recorded in the Islamic holy book, the Quran, and in the Hadith (sayings and actions attributed to him).

Table of Contents

Here is a brief biography of Hazrat Muhammad:

  1. Early Life: Muhammad was born into the Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe, which was a prominent clan in Mecca. His father, Abdullah, died before his birth, and his mother, Amina, died when he was just six years old. He was then raised by his grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, and after his grandfather’s death, by his uncle, Abu Talib.
  2. Prophethood: Around the age of 40, while meditating in a cave on Mount Hira, Muhammad received his first revelation from the Angel Gabriel (Jibril in Arabic). These revelations continued over a period of 23 years and were later compiled into the Quran. Muhammad’s message emphasized the worship of the one God (Allah in Arabic), rejecting the polytheism and idol worship that were prevalent in Arabia at the time.
  3. Persecution and Migration: Muhammad’s teachings posed a challenge to the religious and economic establishment of Mecca, which resulted in persecution of him and his followers. In 622 CE, Muhammad and his followers, known as the Sahabah, migrated to the city of Yathrib (later renamed Medina), where he was welcomed and became a political and spiritual leader. This event, known as the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic lunar calendar.
  4. Medina Period: In Medina, Muhammad established a compact between the various tribes, including Muslims and non-Muslims, known as the Constitution of Medina. He also continued to receive revelations that covered a wide range of topics, including social, legal, and moral issues.
  5. Conquest of Mecca: After years of conflict with the Meccan leadership, Muhammad and his followers returned to Mecca in 630 CE. The city surrendered without bloodshed, and Muhammad cleansed the Kaaba (the central sanctuary in Mecca) of its idols. This event marked the triumph of Islam in Mecca.
  6. Final Years and Death: After the conquest of Mecca, Muhammad continued to consolidate the growing Islamic community. He delivered his farewell sermon during his final pilgrimage in 632 CE. He fell ill and passed away on June 8, 632, in Medina, at the age of around 63. He was buried in the chamber of his wife Aisha in Medina, which is now part of the Prophet’s Mosque.
  7. Legacy: Muhammad’s teachings and actions are preserved in the Quran and Hadith, and they form the foundation of Islam. His life and character are revered by Muslims as an example of humility, compassion, justice, and devotion to God. The way he dealt with various situations and his interactions with people are studied by Muslims as guidance for their own lives.

It’s important to note that the above biography is a summary of Hazrat Muhammad’s life. His life and teachings are studied in great detail by Muslims and scholars of Islamic history, and his influence extends beyond religious aspects to various areas of human civilization, including law, ethics, culture, and more.

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Hazrat Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, was born in Mecca in the 6th century CE and received revelations from the Angel Gabriel that formed the basis of the Quran. His teachings emphasized monotheism, social justice, compassion, and moral conduct. Despite facing persecution and challenges, he led his followers to Medina, where he established a thriving community. His eventual return to Mecca marked a turning point, solidifying the spread of Islam. Muhammad’s legacy as a prophet, leader, and model of virtuous living continues to shape the lives of Muslims worldwide, influencing not only religious practices but also ethical standards and societal values. His life story is one of devotion to God, resilience in the face of adversity, and a dedication to building a just and compassionate society.

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